Annual Forage

Buckwheat (Annual)
Forage Sorghum (Annual)
Special Effort 4-Way Cross
Grain Sorghum (Annual)
Foxtail Millett (Annual)
Japanese Millett
Pearl Millet (Annual)
Tifleaf 3
PP-644 Grain Sorghum
PP-102M
Nuri+Plus Sorghum X Sudangrass
Sudan Grass FS130
Sudan Sorghum Unigraze 11
Sudan Sorghum FS220 BMR
 

 
         
         
       
  Buckwheat (Annual) Fagopyrum esculentum

Description: Erect plant, 2' - 4' tall; single stem may have several branches; flowers light green, pink, or red in color.

Uses: Grain used for livestock, especially poultry; ground into flour (middlings for livestock). Good honey and green manure crop.

Weight per bushel: 48lbs.

Seeds per pound: 15,000

Germinating time: 6 days

pH Range: 5.5-6.0

Fertilizer: 20-30lbs. N, at medium soil test levels apply 40-50lbs. P205 and 40-50lbs. K20

Soil Adaptation: Any well drained soil. Will grow on infertile, acid soils better than most crops, but responds well to proper treatment.

Depth of planting: 1 1/2" - 2"

Planting: Latter part of May to mid July. Seeds do not set well in warm weather. Likes cool, moist climate. Seed at 48-72lbs. in 6" - 8" rows or solid seeded. No-till can work well.

Harvesting (grain): Combine when the maximum number of seeds have matured and plants have lost most of their leaves. Drying may be necessary for safe storage.

Approximate harvest dates: September 1 - September 15

Approximate yield: 20-25 bushels per acre.
 
 
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  Forage Sorghum (Annual) Sorghum Bicolor

Description: Sorghum is very similar to corn in the vegetative stage. Leaves tend to be more narrow than for corn. Heavily covered with a white waxy coating that can be rubbed off the leaf sheath. Flowers are perfect in that both make and female parts are produced in a panicle type head on top of the plant. Forage sorghum is 6" - 10" tall with large stem, medium size grain head.

Uses: Silage, hay, grazing

Weight per bushel: 56lbs.

Seeds per pound: 13,000 to 20,000

Germinating time: 10 days

Fertilizer: 60-80lbs. of N, P205 and 60-80lbs. of K20

pH Range: 5.8-6.2

Soil Adaptation: Well drained to somewhat poorly drained soils

Planting: 1-2 weeks after corn. Soil needs to be warm (at least 60 F). Plant 5-20lbs. in rows with a drill or corn planter.

Harvesting (grain): Do not graze until 30" tall. Cut for hay or wilted silage no later than early head emergence. Cut in dough stage for direct ensiling.

Approximate yield: Hay or wilted silage, 3-5 tons dry matter. Silage 15-18 tons 35% dry matter per acre.
 
 
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  Special Effort 4-Way Cross

Description: A small seeded, fine stemmed sorgo-sudangrass bybrid with 12.5% cane parentage and tremendous re-growth and tellering characteristics.

Uses: Grazing, hay, green chop, or cover crop. Well suited to heavy pasturing, multiple hay cuttings. Under optimum growing conditions it will carry 4-5 adult cattle per acre, and is drought tolerant and widely adapted.

Seeds per pound: 19,000 to 23,000

Planting rates: 20 - 30" rows, 10-13lbs. per acre; 6 - 20" rows, 16-26lbs. per acre; broadcast 40+ lbs. per acre.
 
 
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  Grain Sorghum (Annual) Sorghum Bicolor
 
Description: Same genus and species as forage sorghum except  plant types that are shorter and produce lighter grain have been bred. Plant height 3" - 5" with high grain yield. Will recover from high temperatures and drought better than corn.

Uses: Grain and silage

Weight per bushel: 56lbs.

Seeds per pound: 13,000 to 20,000

Germinating time: 10 days

Fertilizer: Apply approximately the same amount that would be applied to corn when grown under comparable conditions.

pH Range: 5.8-6.2

Soil Adaptation: Well drained to poorly drained soils

Planting: 1-2 weeks after corn. Early-medium maturing hybrids can be planted following small grain harvest. Plant for grain at 5-7lbs. in rows; forage alone, 7-10lbs. Increase seeding rate 10-20% with late seeding. Grain sorghum sjhould be planted in rows as narrow as possible. Seed 1 1/2" deep.

Harvesting: Harvest grain with combine when seed is mature and shells easily from head. Chop for silage when grain is in the dough stage. Artificial drying can be a problem because the small seed size reduces air flow through the grain.

Approximate yield: Grain, 80-90% of adapted hybrid corn yield. Silage, 11 tons 35% dry matter per acre.
 
 
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  Foxtail Millett (Annual) Setaria Italica

Description: Erect growth; slender, leafy stems 2' - 5' tall; spike like head

Uses: Supplemental pasture and hay crop, nurse crop for late spring / early summer forage seeding, smother crop prior to late summer no-till forage seeding. Requires 60-70 days to mature. Lower yield and re-growth than pearl millet.

Weight per bushel: 40-55lbs.

Seeds per pound: 220,000

Germinating time: 10 days

Fertilizer: 60-80lbs. each of N, P205 and K20, at medium soil test levels.

pH Range: 5.8-6.2

Planting: May - July 1 at 15-30lbs. alone; 15-30lbs. in mixtures in 6-8" rows or solid seeded.

Harvesting (hay): Cut at seedhead emergence. Do not feed to horses!

Approximate yield: Hay, 1-3 tons per acre.
 
 
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  Japanese Millett

Cut at 3'. Also known as billion dollar grass. Japanese Millet is the best way to go if you are looking for tonnage; it will make 3 or 4 crops if it is cut when about 3' before it heads out. Leave an 8" stubble to encourage re-growth. Heavy user of nitrogen. The University of Minnesota recommends 75 units of nitrogen for the 1st crop and 50 units each for the 2nd and 3rd crops. Tests showed 24% crude protein on the 1st crop down to 11-12% on the 3rd and 4th crops. Quality of Japanese Millet hay is not as good as alfalfa for dairy cows but is good enough for dry cows, heifers, beef cattle. Japanese Millet can also be used for haylage or bedding. Hogs love to chew on it. Japanese Millet is similar to oats for curing when cutting it for hay; it takes several days to get it dry. Plant Japanese Millet along the edges of ponds and lakes to provide cover and food for migrating birds and to provide food for fish. Plant 25-30lbs. per acre after June 1.
 
 
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  Pearl Millet (Annual) Pennisetum Glaucum

Description: Pearl Millet has an erect growth habit; thick stems that grow 3' - 7' tall, and a spike heas. It will regrow after cutting / grazing. Common uses are supplemental pasture, hay crop, green chop. 60-70 days to maturity.

Weight per bushel: 40-55lbs.

Seeds per pound: 86,000

Germinating time: 10 days

Fertilizer: At seeding, 60-80lbs. N, 79-90lbs. P205 and 70-90lbs. K20 at medium soil test level; after each cutting, 40-60lbs. N.

pH Range: 5.5-6.5

Planting: May 1 - July 1 at 25-40lbs. alone, 15-20lbs. in mixtures in 6-8" rows or solid seeded.

Harvesting: Hay - Cut when heads begin to emerge from boot or at 30-40". Pasture - Requires high stocking rate, preferably with rotational stocking.

Approximate first harvest date: July 1 - July 15

Approximate yield: Hay, 2-4 tons per acre.
 
 
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  Tifleaf 3

Description: 2" - 3" tall. Tifleaf 3 is a 3-way cross between the male parten of Tifleaf 2 (Tift 383) and the new female single cross, Tift 8593. This hybrid is shorter than PP102M and slightly later in maturity. Tifleaf 3 has excellent resistance to leaf rust and leaf spot. This Hybrid furnishes excellent quality hay and grazing for longer periods in the summer.
 
 
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  PP-644 Grain Sorghum

Description: Provides comparable feed values to corn and enables their harvest with small grain equipment. They can be combined, fitting some harvesting programs better than corn. Green Gold is an early to medium maturity hybrid that thrashes easily but doesn't shatter out of the head. Resistant to smut, can tolerate high levels of moisture and drought. will produce on high soils, heavy clays, deep blacklands; extremely adaptable. The extra large root system on the matured stalk accounts for its great standability. 50lbs. per bushel; plant 5-7lbs. per acre for grain, 7-10lbs. per acre for forage. Harvest about 90 days; 3-4'.
 
 
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  PP-102M

Description: PP-102M is a tall growing variety reaching heights of 7-10' under optimum conditions. It will reach pre-boot stage 60-70 days. PP-102M tillers profusely with abundant leaves 1-2" wide. It is very leafy with a fine stem making excellent quality hay.
 
 
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  Nuri+Plus Sorghum X Sudangrass

Description: Nuri+Plus is a Production-Plus Brown Midrib Sorghum X Sudangrass Hybrid with exceptional palotability and the addition of a Production-Plus bmr gene that has shown marked reductions of Lignin (the component of the plant cell walls that is generally reguarded as the primary factor limiting the extent of forage fiber digestion) content in the plant. This totally new hybrid has shown an 18.9% average increase in feed value compared to conventionals and offers additional saving per acre.

Nuri+Plus offers a premium summer annual hybrid with the same agronomic characteristics you find in a conventional sorghum X sudangrass hybrid such as excellent hay quality, heavy pasturing, superior drought tolerance, and wide adaptability. Plus+ the increased utilization and efficiency you get from the Production-Plus gene.
 
 
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